CChIPS 2020-2021 Research Portfolio

Principal Investigator: John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University

This study aims to collect up-to-date dimensional data on modern commercial aircraft and the FMVSS 213 inversion testing apparatus. These data will be compared to physical characteristics of modern child restraint systems (CRS) to develop recommendations for both manufacturers and caregivers who are navigating these installation scenarios.

Principal Investigator: John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University

The goal of the study is to evaluate dynamic outcomes of belt-positioning booster (BPB)-seated ATDs for various initial belt fit conditions and crash directions, in order to identify relationships between static belt fit and occupant posture with kinematic and injury outcomes during crash.

Principal Investigator: Valentina Graci, PhD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

This project aims to identify the likelihood and characteristics of head contact of a child seated behind a reclined front occupant in an autonomous driving seating configuration. Different combinations of front seat recline and track positions for the front occupant will be considered. The research team will investigate how the presence, type, and dimensions of a booster seat influence head contact by a rear-seated child occupant during an automatic emergency braking (AEB) event and how different AEB pulse characteristics also influence head contact by a rear seat child occupant.

Principal Investigator: Valentina Graci, PhD, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

This project aims to evaluate the injury risk of reclined children in vehicle crashes utilizing the Large Omnidirectional Child (LODC) ATD. The research team will characterize kinematics and kinetics of the LODC when the seatback of a production vehicle seat is reclined during sled-simulated frontal vehicle crashes.

Principal Investigator: Yun Seok Kang, PhD, The Ohio State University

This study aims to provide head/neck response data of the unmodified and modified CRABI and HII 3YO ATDs in forward- and rear-facing frontal impact scenarios using a mini-sled system.

Principal Investigator: Jalaj Maheshwari, MS, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

This project focuses on pediatric vehicular heatstroke and aims: 1) to review real-world vehicular heatstroke cases caused by different circumstances and to determine prevention and alerting technologies, and 2) to document, relevant to heatstroke prevention, different educational efforts undertaken to inform parents and caregivers, and strategies used by vehicle and child seat assessment programs.

Principal Investigator: Jalaj Maheshwari, MS, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

The goal of this study is to systematically explore the kinematics and kinetics of adjacent rear-seated pediatric occupants under different vehicle seat belt restraint characteristics, child seats, and seating positions in small and moderate overlap crashes.

Principal Investigator: Julie Mansfield, PhD, The Ohio State University

In this study, far side sled testing will be performed in late model year production vehicle seats for rear-facing CRS, forward-facing CRS, and boosters using a variety of proper and improper installation methods: seat belt alone, LATCH alone (with and without top tether), and LATCH and seat belt together. The broad objective of this work is to determine whether installation method affects far side crash performance so that CRS and vehicle manufacturers can develop informed guidelines about the use of their products.

Principal Investigator: Julie Mansfield, PhD, The Ohio State University

This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of the rigid LATCH system for use within U.S. vehicles. The research team will evaluate a convenience sample of vehicles from the current U.S. market for their readiness for rigid LATCH CRS installations across a range of seating positions. A group of volunteer caregivers will install a CRS into a vehicle using three different types of LATCH system in order to evaluate consumer performance and feedback related to various LATCH styles.

Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Walshe, PhD, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

This study aims to integrate eye tracking technology into the millisecond-sensitive neuroimaging methods (magnetoencephalography: MEG) and simulated driving paradigm, and test the feasibility and synchronization of the eye tracking, MEG imaging, and simulated driving data in a baseline sample of teen drivers.

About This Center

This Center is made possible through a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) which unites CHOP, University of Pennsylvania, and The Ohio State University researchers with R&D leaders in the automotive and insurance industries to translate research findings into tangible innovations in safety technology and public education programs.

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