CChIPS 2007-2008 Research Portfolio

State-of-the-art Science: An Update on Child and Adolescent Injury Research and Prevention

Principal InvestigatorYoganand Ghati, MS,  The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

 

The objective of this project was to provide CChIPS members with a biannual state-of-the-art summary about the current research, outreach, legislative, and media coverage on child and adolescent injury prevention and research.

 

Abdominal Injuries in Children in Belt Positioning Booster Seats

Principal Investigator: Jessica Jermakian, DSc, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

 

The objective of this project was to gain an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of abdominal injuries in booster-seated children and the crash and restraint factors influencing the injuries by examining field data experience.

 

Child Occupant Surveillance: A Feasibility Study 

Principal InvestigatorJessica Jermakian, DSc, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

 

This study evaluated the potential transition of CHOP's current child-focused motor vehicle crash surveillance system, Partners for Child Passenger Safety (PCPS), to a national system that leverages the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration crash research infrastructure. The feasibility study determined the viability of new methods, the quality of the potential data, the likelihood of and method for securing appropriate funding, and potential stakeholder reaction to proposed changes.

 

Passive Range of Motion of Adult and Child Cervical Spines 

Principal InvestigatorMatthew R. Maltese, MS, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The primary objective of this study is to compare the static passive cervical spine flexion of children of specific age groups (6-8, 9-12, 13-15) with adults. As a secondary objective, these data will be applied to guide the development of child-based anthropometric test device (ATD) neck biofidelity requirements through a validated computational model of the pediatric cervical spine.

 

Backup Crashes

Principal InvestigatorRajiv Menon, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

This study examined drivers' backup behavior in a naturalistic setting using vehicles equipped with combined rearview camera and sensor-based systems and an eye tracker to monitor the locations where drivers looked as they backed up. Its objective was to determine whether the combined systems reduce backup crashes.

  

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Side-impact Protection of Children in Child Restraint Systems

Principal InvestigatorRajiv Menon, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this research study was to analyze, using mathematical models, the side impact methods currently being used and the effectiveness of protection offered to children in child restraint systems in a side impact.

 

Using MADYMO to Evaluate and Quantify the Effect of the Misuse of Vehicle LATCH Anchor Points in a Vehicle Environment 

Principal InvestigatorRajiv Menon, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

This study utilized mathematical models to analyze the effects of misuse, namely the effect of variation in the LATCH attachment configurations that are either narrower or wider than the standard 280 mm.

About This Center

This Center is made possible through a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) which unites CHOP, University of Pennsylvania, and The Ohio State University researchers with R&D leaders in the automotive and insurance industries to translate research findings into tangible innovations in safety technology and public education programs.

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