CChIPS 2009-2010 Research Portfolio

Child Restraint Systems in Side Impact Crashes: Injury Patterns and Causation (Multiple Year Project)

Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this study is to further understand side impact protection for child restraints through an analysis of the structural interaction between the child restraint system and the vehicle. 

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NASS Special Study on Child Occupant Protection

Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The goal of this study is to adapt the Partners for Children Passenger Safety (PCPS) data collection instrument to a shorter instrument that can be implemented via phone, web, or via self-administered hard copy, while also developing and evaluating the feasibility of subject selection, contact, and consent procedures. 

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Structural and Material Characteristics of the Pediatric Thoracic Cage and Their Relationship to Age-Related Changes in Thoracic Response

Principal Investigator: Sriram Balasubramanian, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this study is to quantify the geometric and material characteristics of the pediatric thoracic cage and apply that knowledge towards improved pediatric Anthropomorphic test device biofidelity requirements. 

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A Novel Approach to Develop Age-equivalent Models for Pediatric Long Bones

Principal Investigator: Sriram Balasubramanian, PhD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this study is to develop and characterize an age-equivalent animal model based on regional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) parameters leveraged from ongoing research at CHOP measuring these parameters on a large sample of real children.

 

Knee Injury Air Bag Risk Assessment for Children

Principal Investigator: John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University

This study aims to determine what risks, if any, that the knee bolster air bag introduces to front seat child occupants.

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Transforming Traffic Safety Through Autonomic Computing: A Feasibility Study

Principal Investigator:  Dennis Durbin, MD, MSCE, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

This objective of this study is to conduct the formative research and testing necessary to identify opportunities for application of information technologies and related infrastructure to overcome barriers to advancing traffic safety for children, youth, and young adults.

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Understanding the Learning to Drive Process for Teens with High-functioning Developmental Disabilities

Principal Investigator:  Patty Huang, MD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The aim of this study is to use a semi-structured interview to gain insight into the parent and teen factors that influence the process of learning to drive.

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Neurocognitive Evaluation of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the Pediatric Emergency Department Population (Multiple Year Project)

Principal Investigator: Michael L. Nance, MD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

This study applies neurocognitive testing to an emergency department cohort of pediatric patients with mild traumatic brain injury. 

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Distracted Driving in Teens With ADHD

Principal Investigator: Despina Stavrinos, PhD, University of Alabama, Birmingham

The objective of the proposed research is to examine the driving behavior of teens with Attention-Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a virtual simulator during simultaneous engagement in two common distracting conditions: (a) cell phone conversation and (b) a text message task with randomly assigned use of psychostimulant medication across two sessions.

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Association of Body Mass Index and Motor Vehicle Crash Injury Among 4- to 8-year-olds

Principal Investigator:  Mark R. Zonfrillo, MD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The specific aim of this study is to determine the relative risk of significant injury for 4- to 8-year-old children in motor vehicle crashes who are overweight and underweight, as compared to children who are normal weight. 

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About This Center

This Center is made possible through a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) which unites CHOP, University of Pennsylvania, and The Ohio State University researchers with R&D leaders in the automotive and insurance industries to translate research findings into tangible innovations in safety technology and public education programs.

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