CChIPS 2011-2012 Research Portfolio

Injury Risk to Belted Occupants (Multiple Year Project)

Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this study is to continue exploration of the injuries and their causation experienced by seat belt restrained occupants - both adults and children - in the rear seat in order to understand if pre-teens and adolescents are at an elevated risk.

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Evaluation of Hyperthermia Prevention Technologies

Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia                          

The objective of this study is to evaluate countermeasures designed to prevent children 0 to 24 months of age from being left behind in closed, parked vehicles, which has the potential to result in hyperthermia.

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Biomechanical Response of the Pediatric Ankle

Principal Investigator: John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University

Data obtained in this study will provide information on the mechanics of the pediatric ankle joint. Using data regarding the geometry, range of motion, and static/dynamic responses of the ankle, the biofidelity of child ATDs can be improved. Accomplishing a biofidelic response in the child's ankle joint will improve the response of the entire lower extremity, resulting in more accurate prediction of pediatric injury.

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Child Restraint System Misuse in the Field and in Full-Vehicle Crash Tests (Multiple Year Project)

Principal Investigator: Matt Maltese, MS, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objectives of this research are to: (1) convert from paper to digital format and analyze the field misuse data from the Pennsylvania Traffic Injury Prevention Project (PA TIPP) checkpoints, to further clarify behavior in the modern CRS consumer beyond what has been currently established, and (2) explain the performance of properly used and misused CRS in full-scale vehicle crashes, adding valuable data to previously published studies using sled tests.

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Comparing FMVSS 213 Sled Test to the Full-scale Vehicle Crash Environment (Multiple Year Project)

Principal Investigator: Matt Maltese, MS, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The objective of this second year of research is to determine which 213 bench variables (seat cushion stiffness, belt stiffness, belt/LATCH/tether anchor location) lead to the dramatic differences in kinematic outcomes between the 213 bench and the vehicle CRS observed in the year 1 experiments.

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Dynamic Comparison of Pediatric and the 5th Percentile Female Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATDs)

Principal Investigator: Tom Seacrist, MBE, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

The specific aim is to quantify the kinematics of the head, cervical, and thoracic spine as well as the kinetics of the upper neck of the Q-Series 6-year-old, Q-Series 10-year-old, Hybrid III 10-year-old, and the 5th percentile female ATDs and compare them to age- and size-matched pediatric volunteers.

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Clavicle Fractures Due to Belt Loading in Rear-Seated Adolescent Occupants

Principal Investigators: Jason Stammen, PhD, NHTSA; John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University; Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

The objectives of this research are to investigate the fracture tolerance of the pediatric clavicle through statistical, analytical, and radiological techniques. Using information obtained from crash data, the study will examine the sensitivity of the pediatric shoulder's response to belt loading in both oblique and frontal loading scenarios.

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Long-term Disability Following Pediatric Trauma

Principal Investigator: Mark Zonfrillo, MD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

The goal of the proposed study is to investigate the nature of the disabilities following pediatric injuries.

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About This Center

This Center is made possible through a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) which unites CHOP, University of Pennsylvania, and The Ohio State University researchers with R&D leaders in the automotive and insurance industries to translate research findings into tangible innovations in safety technology and public education programs.

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